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Working principle of slow wire processing

 Slow wire walking, also called low-speed wire walking, is a kind of CNC machining machine tool that uses continuously moving fine metal wire as an electrode to pulse spark discharge on the workpiece to generate a high temperature of over 6000 degrees, ablate metal and cut into a workpiece. The principle of wire processing is the phenomenon that there is a gap between the wire electrode and the workpiece, and the metal is removed by continuous discharge. Since the slow-moving wire cutting machine adopts the method of wire electrode continuous feeding, that is, the wire electrode is processed during the movement, so even if the wire electrode is worn out, it can be continuously supplemented, so it can improve the machining accuracy of the parts and slow the wire. The surface roughness of the workpiece processed by the cutting machine can usually reach Ra=0.8μm and above, and the roundness error, linear error and dimensional error of the slow-moving wire cutting machine are much better t

Hydrostatic guideway of CNC machining lathe

The static pressure slide rail (TTW guide) of the CNC machining lathe transfers the oil with a certain pressure through the throttle to the oil cavity between the sliding surfaces of the slide rail (TTW guide) to form a pressure oil film to float the moving parts , Make the sliding rail (TTW guide) surface in a pure liquid friction state.   CNC machining General CNC machining usually refers to computer digital control precision machining, CNC machining lathe, CNC machining milling machine, CNC machining c17200   beryllium   copper   and milling machine, etc. The feed route of finishing is basically carried out along the part contour sequence. Therefore, the focus of determining the feed route is to determine the feed route of rough machining and idle stroke. In the numerical control processing, the control system issues instructions to make the tool perform various motions that meet the requirements, and the shape and size of the workpiece are expressed in the form of numbers and lette

Classification of CNC Machining Occupation Levels

1. Blue-collar layer:   That is, CNC machining operation technicians, proficient in machining and CNC machining process knowledge, proficient in the operation and manual programming of CNC machine tools (attributes: automated machine tools), understand automatic programming and simple maintenance of CNC machine tools (attributes: automated machine tools), such There is a large market demand for personnel, and they are suitable for operating workers of CNC machine tools (attributes: automated machine tools) in the workshop, but due to their single knowledge, their wages will not be much higher.   2. Gray collar layer:   One, CNC machining programmer:   Master the knowledge of 5 Axis CNC machining Aluminum   technology and the operation of CNC machine tools (attributes: automated machine tools), be familiar with the design and manufacturing expertise of complex molds (title: mother of industry), and be proficient in 3D CAD/CAM software, such as UG, GOOGLE PRO/E, etc. ; Familiar with CNC

Notice on Simplified Structural Design of Machined Parts (Surface Grinding or Precision Planes)

Most metal mechanical parts are machined before they are used for official use. This is the final step before assembling the machine parts. Therefore, the quality and cost of machining has a great impact on the quality and cost of machine parts and the machine as a whole. Therefore, the design process must consider the machining process.

Especially for some special mechanical parts, the manufacturing process is often very special and requires special consideration in the design. The ability to manufacture a part is a decisive factor in the adoption of a design. Therefore, the following issues should be noted when designing the structure of these machined parts:

1. Structural design of parts to save materials

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Note that it reduces the blank size. The flange is made directly of round steel. If the maximum diameter of the design is 100 mm, it should be treated with 105 mm or 110 mm round steel. If the maximum diameter of the design is 98mm, it can be processed with 100mm steel, saving a lot of steel.

2. Structural design to reduce the amount of machining

(1) Consider the effect of cast error

The error in the cast part is relatively large and should be taken into consideration when designing the cast surface. For example, the bearing end cover matches the boss of the box body, but it is difficult to position the boss of the box body very accurately. If the diameter of the end cap flange is designed to be exactly equal to the diameter of the convex platform, the effects of casting errors often result in the end cap protruding beyond the convex platform. Therefore, the diameter of the casting boss should be large.

(2) Surfaces with different processing accuracy must be processed individually.

If the two surface roughness requirements are different, there must be a clear boundary between the two surfaces. It is not only easy to process, but also beautiful in shape.

3. Reduce the structural design of manual processing or supplementary processing

(1) Replace manual grinding with surface grinding

The universal tool microscope guideway for large optical measuring instruments was originally designed as a circular guideway used for manual guidance and then changed to a flat V guideway. Processed with a surface grinding machine, productivity has been greatly improved.

(2) Replace the scraper box with a surface grinding machine or fine planer.

The split surface of the split gearbox case must have a high degree of flatness. Some production units use heavy workload and low productivity manual scraping. Later, it was changed to a surface grinding machine for processing live fine planers.

4. Simplify the shape and requirements of the machined surface

(1) It is necessary to avoid non-circular parts with a stop fit.

There is a flange on the surface of the box part to fit it. To ensure the correct position of the cover. In addition to being screwed in, it is designed with a stop fit. Matching holes should be rounded and other shapes such as rectangles, squares and ovals are not suitable.

(2) Must be filled with chamfers of parts with complex shapes

Chamfering parts with complex shapes is difficult. As such an elliptical complex shape, it is difficult to chamfer by hand machining and chamfering, and it is difficult to guarantee the quality of the process.

5. Structural design of parts for easy clamping and measurement

To avoid the structure of parts that cannot be clamped, the machine parts must be clamped to the machine during machining, so the parts must be easily clamped to the machine parts. In addition, clamp parts need sufficient support to prevent them from shaking under the action of cutting forces. Therefore, the part is rigid enough to avoid clamp deformation.

6.To avoid cutting tools under unfavorable conditions

The tool can easily move in and out of the machined surface. A certain amount of moving space is required when the tool moves in and out of the machined surface. The design must maintain sufficient clearance.

7. Correctly handle the shaft and hole structure (inner and outer surfaces)

Complex machined surfaces are designed on the outer surface rather than the inner surface, and shaft parts are easier to machine than holes.

Therefore, if you combine two shafts and hole-shaped parts and there are some more complex structures between them, it is often better to design these structures on the axle rather than on the inner surface of the hole. ..

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